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Происхождение слова "кумыс"

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Расскажите, пожалуйста, о происхождении слова "кумыс". И как это слово звучит у разных народов.

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Расскажите, пожалуйста, о происхождении слова "кумыс". И как это слово звучит у разных народов.

Статья про КУМЫС из базы С.А.Старостина по сравнительной этимологии алтайских языков :

Altaic etymology :

Proto-Altaic: *ka\mo

Meaning: boiled substance, alcohol

Russian meaning: вареное вещество, спиртной напиток

Turkic: *Kumyr/

Mongolian: *kimur

Tungus-Manchu: *kamnu- / *kamdu-

Japanese: *ka\m-

Comments: Poppe 68, Лексика 450-451. Despite Doerfer's doubts (TMN 3, 515-516) the Turk.-Mong. parallel cannot be a coincidence.

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Turkic etymology :

Proto-Turkic: *Kumyr/

Meaning: fermented milk

Russian meaning: молочный спиртной напиток

Karakhanid: qymyz (MK, KB)

Turkish: kymyz

Tatar: qymyz

Middle Turkic: qymyz (Pav. C.)

Uzbek: qimiz

Uighur: qimiz

Azerbaidzhan: Gymyz

Turkmen: Gymyz

Khakassian: xymys, Sag., Koib. xumys

Oyrat: qymys

Chuvash: kъw|mъw|s < Qypch.

Yakut: kymys

Tuva: xymys

Kirghiz: qymyz

Kazakh: qymyz

Noghai: qymyz

Bashkir: qomod|, qymyd|

Karakalpak: qymyz

Comments: VEWT 264, EDT 629, Лексика 450-451, ЭСТЯ 6, 219.

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Mongolian etymology :

Proto-Mongolian: *kimur

Meaning: fermented milk with water

Russian meaning: молочный спиртной напиток с водой

Written Mongolian: kimur, kimurag|an; kiram, kirma (L 470) 'boiled milk with water'

Khalkha: x/aram 'boiled water with milk'

Kalmuck: kimr, kimra:n

Ordos: kirma

Comments: KW 231. Mong. > Kirgh. qymran, Uzb. kumran, Tuva xymyra:n.

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Tungus etymology :

Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kamnu- / *kamdu-

Meaning: fish glue

Russian meaning: рыбий клей

Evenki: kamnun

Even: kanmo

Negidal: kamnun

Literary Manchu: amdun

Ulcha: qamdu(n)

Orok: qamdu.(n)

Nanai: qamdõ

Oroch: kamnu

Udighe: kamnu

Comments: ТМС 1, 370.

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Japanese etymology :

Proto-Japanese: *ka\m-

Meaning: to brew sake (from rice)

Russian meaning: варить сакэ (из риса)

Old Japanese: kam-

Middle Japanese: ka\m-

Tokyo: kamo/s-

Kyoto: ka/mo/s-

Kagoshima: kamo/s-

Comments: JLTT 703. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular (probably under literary influence).

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а нет ли связи с хаомой Авесты и соответственно сомой из Вед?

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